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Geneva Agreement With Soviet Union And Afghanistan

By Erik. Posted in Uncategorized | No Comments »

The United States, which had accepted the 1978 coup d`├ętat with serenity and reacted reluctantly to the assassination of US Ambassador Adolph Dubs in February 1979, was shocked by the Soviet invasion. She refused to recognize Karmal`s regime. The SALT II Treaty was withdrawn from the Senate and the policy under “relaxation” derailed. It is the official policy of the United States – delivered by Presidents Carter and Reagan and supported by unusual unanimity between the two houses of Congress and American public opinion – which is to provide the Afghan people with all the military and humanitarian assistance necessary to help them regain the independence, self-determination and freedom of their country. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . in response to reports of alleged violations of the Geneva Convention .

. . . They are virtually unable to influence, limit or resolve local differences on alleged violations of a ceasefire or withdrawal agreement in any way. The force would become. . be physically present at every important activity within the country and at every major border crossing. The principle that States would fulfil their obligations under the Charter of the United Nations in good faith; This agreement witnessed Pakistan`s military diplomacy and strategy. It has strengthened Pakistan`s diplomatic norms around the world, but it has had a clear impact on Pakistan`s foreign and domestic affairs. There have already been tensions between Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Jonejo and President Zia-ul-Haq. But the signing of the agreement by the then foreign minister increased friction, as Zia took a hard line in forming a pro-Pakistani government in Afghanistan on the basis of resistance groups that were not eligible for the Soviets. Finally, under the pretext, Zia dismissed a legitimate elected government that suffered a serious setback to the new established democratic institution.

The main virtue claimed by the agreements is that by February 1989 they will lead to the withdrawal of Soviet troops in uniform from Afghanistan. Although the Soviets have declared that they will withdraw anyway, proponents point out that the agreements offer the advantage of a certain timetable. However, as has already been said, there is no mechanism for verifying or executing Soviet commitments. The prospects for the voluntary return of some 3.5 million Afghan refugees currently in Pakistan do not seem very optimistic. The text of the bilateral refugee agreement is vague and unclear as to its implementation.

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